Authors propose a data center network architecture using a recursive structure called DCell. Authors also propose a routing algorithm (traditional routing cannot be used) enabling fault tolerance for servers, links or even racks.
The advantages of the proposed architecture are better fault tolerance and scaling with the number of nodes (although I'm not fully convinced by the second argument).
A clear disadvantage of this structure is that the bisection bandwidth is somewhat small, i.e. it is (O(2*log(hosts):1)). This impacts the deployment of random communication patterns and random placement of data in cloud computing environments.
For this reason and due to its complexity, I would tend to think this paper will not be influential in 10 years, at least not in deployments.